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August 2016

Command words: "analyse" "assess" "evaluate"...


A lot of students, when getting into an exam, will immediately start writing as much as they possibly can about the relevant topic. We fill the page and are saying to the examiner “Mate. Look how much information I can remember. You MUST give me top marks.”

However an examiner isn’t looking for us to just regurgitate as much information as we can, they want us to use that information in the right kind of context. Therefore students must, first of all, identify exactly what kind of a question they are going to be answering. Look for the key command words which are going to shape our answer. Below is a list of command words with definitions next to them so that when you get into the exam you will be able to differentiate between different command words and be able to give the examiner exactly what they want.

 
Analyse Break something into its component parts and show how they relate to one another.
 
ArguePresent a reasoned case
 
Assess ‘Weigh up’ a statement, showing arguments in favour and against
 
CompareIdentify similarities
 
ContrastIdentify differences
 
Criticise Explain problems, limitations or weaknesses
 
Define Say what a word or phrase means
 
DescribeSet out features or characteristics
 
Discuss Examine an issue closely, taking account of differing viewpoints
 
Distinguish Describe differences
 
Evaluate Make judgements based on evidence
 
ExamineInvestigate closely
 
ExplainShow how something works, usually by giving a clear and detailed account of it
 
How Far – ‘Weigh up’ a statement, showing arguments in favour and against, usually showing the lengths to which you agree with a statement
 
Identify Name or set out main features
 
OutlineSet out main characteristics
 
StateExpress Clearly
 
SummarisePresent principal points without detail
 
To What Extent Create an argument in favour or against something, using your own perspective.
 
These are two terms that are sometimes confused:
FeaturesThe characteristics that define what something is
 
Functions The roles that highlight what something does

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